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Pregnancy – first trimester guide

Goficure - Blog Page - Pregnancy – first trimester guide (Blog Post) Last Updated April 25, 2024


The first trimester begins at conception of pregnancy and lasts up to the end of the 12th week. It is the time when the body goes through some rapid changes, both physical and emotional.

While motherhood may make you feel at the top of the world, there may be times when you will feel anxious over the responsibilities of being a parent, especially if this is your first pregnancy.

A full-term pregnancy consists of 40 weeks and is divided into three trimesters. Each trimester consists of three months.

During the first trimester, the sperm fertilizes the egg (ovum) and prepares your body for the pregnancy. You will gradually start experiencing early pregnancy symptoms and other physical changes during the first trimester weeks. The symptoms vary by individual. Proper pregnancy care and adequate rest will help you manage these symptoms.

What are the first trimester symptoms?

Are you suspecting a pregnancy? Here are some of the classic symptoms of early pregnancy.

First-trimester symptoms of pregnancy include:

Missing your period

One of the first signs of pregnancy is an unexpected missed period. Home pregnancy tests are not always accurate and may not give you the right result. A visit to your gynecologist and screening tests will help to confirm the pregnancy and also provide guidance about prenatal care.

Swollen or tender breasts

Due to the hormonal changes in your body, you may feel breast soreness and sensitivity. These symptoms will gradually subside within a few weeks.

Morning sickness

Many women feel like vomiting during early pregnancy which is also known as morning sickness. Though it is called morning sickness, the symptoms can occur at any time of the day, even at night. This is mainly due to hormonal changes and usually starts in the 4th week of the first trimester and may last up to the 9th week.

Your doctor will advise you to eat light and bland foods and avoid smelly foods that can trigger nausea and stomach upsets.

Drink fluids and avoid keeping your stomach empty.

Increased urination

You will feel like urinating more than usual. The body produces more blood during pregnancy and the kidneys process more fluid that is removed from the body through urine.

Food cravings and aversions

You need nutrition for your health as well as to sustain the growth of the developing fetus. This will trigger bouts of hunger and cravings for certain types of foods.

You will also develop sensitivity or aversion to foods that have specific odour or tastes due to hormonal changes.

Bloating and heartburn

The hormonal changes slow down digestion. You may experience bloating or heartburn. Take light and frequent meals. After a meal, walk for a while to allow digestion. The doctor can also prescribe some medications like antacids to help in digestion.


The growing uterus puts pressure on the uterus which can cause constipation. Avoid caffeine and spicy foods. Drink fluids and fresh juices.

Light spotting

Some women have experienced light spotting or implantation bleeding when the fertilized egg attaches to the uterus wall. This occurs during the first 10 to 14 days of conception. Consult your doctor in case of severe bleeding or cramps.

Emotional changes

Pregnancy is the most joyous and exciting experience for a woman but it also has its share of anxiety and exhaustion. You may be stressed about your pregnancy journey, and worry about the health of your unborn baby.

If you are employed, seek help and support from your office colleagues and family. There might be occasional mood swings which is normal. If you are feeling overwhelmed, consult your doctor and seek support.

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Pregnancy care during the first trimester

Your pregnancy care should begin from the time you are planning your pregnancy. Once your pregnancy is confirmed, you must start your prenatal care.

Guide for the first trimester:

Going to your first prenatal visit

Book an appointment for your first prenatal visit with your gynecologist. The doctor will perform all the necessary pregnancy tests, take your medical history, and discuss the importance of pregnancy health, nutrition, and your expected weight gain in the following months.

Embrace healthy habits

It is time to abstain from any unhealthy habits like drinking alcohol, too much caffeine, eating junk foods, skipping meals, etc.

Start your day with meditation or a brief morning walk in nature. This will keep you rejuvenated throughout the day and also reduce fatigue and mood swings.

Acknowledge your food cravings. You are now eating for two. Do not worry about weight gain. A healthy weight is vital for your baby’s growth.

Follow a good sleep pattern

Some women may find it difficult to fall asleep during pregnancy. Avoid staying up at night. A hot shower before bedtime can help you to sleep. Sleep deprivation can cause headaches, fatigue, and mood swings. Place a pillow underneath your feet while resting.

Eat healthy and stay in shape

Follow the doctor’s recommendation for a healthy diet. Go for regular walks to boost blood circulation and keep yourself in good shape.

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Final words

The first trimester is an important phase during pregnancy. Your body is still habituating with the sudden spike in hormones. By the end of the first trimester, you will be more relaxed and comfortable. While it is normal to have some anxiety and concerns, it is also important to enjoy this phase for yourself and your unborn child.

  • Eat your prenatal vitamins on time
  • Practice relaxation techniques
  • Always maintain good hygiene
  • Eat junk and fatty foods
  • Miss doctor’s appointments
  • Consuming alcohol

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